Ibeno is located in the south east of Nigeria and is a Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State. Ibeno town lies on the eastern side of the Kwa Ibo River about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) from the river mouth, and is one of the largest fishing settlements on the Nigerian coast. Ibeno lies in the Mangrove Forest Belt of the Niger Delta region of Nigeria,it is bounded in the West byEastern Obolo local Government area,to the North by Onna,Esit Eket and Eket,to the South by the Atlantic Ocean
Ibeno Local Government Area is located at the South end of Akwa Ibom State, occupying a vast coastal area of over 1,200 km2. It stretches from Okposo I at the eastern flank, bordering Mbo Local Government Area and Bakassi Peninsula to Atabrikang village on its Western flank. It is bounded in the South by the Atlantic Ocean and shares border with Eket, Esit Eket, Onna and Eastern Obolo local government areas.
Ibeno Local Government Area was created out of the defunct Uquo-Ibeno Local Government Area on December 4, 1996 by the Federal government instrument.
Before the creation of Uquo-Ibeno Local Government Area, the people of Ibeno were in Eket Local Government Area – Ibeno Edoh, Uquo Ibeno respectively. Ibeno Local Government Area has thus graduated from being part of Eket local government area to part of Ibeno-Edor with headquarters at Inua-Eyet Ikot Ibeno (now defunct) to being part of Uquo Ibeno with headquarters at Uquo (now headquarters of Esit Eket Local Government Area) to a distinct and separate local government area, Ibeno Local Government Area with headquarters at Upenekang. It is one of the 31 local government areas in Akwa Ibom State.
Ibeno occupies the largest Atlantic coastline of more than 129 km. in Akwa Ibom State.
Located in the mangrove swamp forest, the area has rain throughout the year with the peak between May and September. The climatic condition in Ibeno is favorable all year round for fishing and farming.
The people speak Ibeno dialect of the Efik-Ibibio language. Their interactions with the Ijaws as well as their invasion by Jaja of Opobo which saw a mixing between them and the Opobo people may have altered their dialect to an extent, however they are Ibibiod in nature
The prime occupation of the people is fishing. However, farming and petty trading enjoy appreciative notice. The presence of oil exploration activities by oil giant Exxon Mobil and other service companies influence activities both upstream and downstream.
Ibeno people are rich in cultural heritage. The people have many age-long traditional institutions like Ekpe, Obon, Uke, Ekong, Akata, Eka-Ebitu, Ubom Isong, Oluo, Ikini and the age-grade system is highly recognized and practiced in Ibeno.
Ibeno people are basically of Ekid and Oron origin. The common dialect of Ibeno people is Ibeno language prominently spoken by Ibeno and Eastern Obolo people in Akwa Ibom State. The people also enjoy an active aquatic life.
|* Source: 2006 National Census|