Uyo is the state capital of Akwa Ibom, a major oil producing state of Nigeria. The town became the capital of the state on September 23, 1987 following the creation of Akwa Ibom State from erstwhile Cross River State. The University of Uyo resides in this town. The population of Uyo, according to the 2006 Nigerian Census which comprises Uyo and Itu, is 427,873, while the urban area, including Uruan, is 554,906
The city can be accessed by road via the A342 highway, as well as Abak Road, Nwaniba Road, Itu Road, Oron road, Idoro Road, and Aka Road. Nearby airports include the Akwa Ibom International Airport at Okobo and Margaret Ekpo International Airport, Calabar.
Uyo is a fast-growing city, as it has witnessed some infrastructural growth in the past nine years. It has an intensive network of roads such as the IBB Way, Atiku Abubakar Avenue, Udo Udoma Avenue, Nsikak Eduok Avenue, and Edet Akpan Avenue which is an eight-lane superhighway and currently the widest road in Uyo.
Transportation in Uyo is mainly by Tricycles, popularly known as Keke in the Urban Areas and Motor Bike called Alaluk in Ibibio in the Rural Areas like interior villages.
Uyo is home to many notable housing districts such as the Ewet Housing Estate, Osongama Estate and Shelter Afrik. The city of Uyo is notably neat and hospitable to foreigners and its aborigines. Highbrow residential areas in Uyo include the prestigious Ewet Housing Estate, Osongama Estate, Shelter Afrik and a host of other choice areas in the town and its environs.
The city boasts recreational areas such as the Ibom Connection popularly known as, “Ibom Plaza” and the prestigious Le Meridien Ibom Hotel & Golf Resort.The Ibom Tropicana and Entertainment center. Senotaph popularly known as Love Garden. The G Park located on Udoumana Road.
Uyo is home to the University of Uyo, formerly known as the University of Cross River State. Its name was changed in 1991,when the government of Nigeria established it as a federal university. This school has various campuses in Uyo such as; Town Campus and Annex Campus in Ikpa Road, Permanent Site/Main Campus in Nwanibia Road, UYTH/Medical Campus at Abak Road and Ime Umana Campus at Ediene-Abak.
Uyo also houses various secondary schools; both public and privately owned.
The sister cities of Uyo are; Oron city, Abak city and Ikot Ekpene city. All in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. And the prestigious Calabar city of Cross River State and Umuahia city of Abia State.