Daura is a town and Local Government Area in Katsina State, northern Nigeria. It is the spiritual home of the Hausa people.
The University of California’s African American Studies Department refers to Daura and Katsina as having been “ancient seats of Islamic culture and learning.” Daura is the city that Bayajidda, a figure from Hausa mythology, arrived at after his trek across the Sahara. Once there, he killed a snake (named Sarki) who prevented the people from drawing water from the well, and the local queen, Magajiya Daurama, married him out of gratitude; one of their seven children was named Daura. The well in Daura where Bayajidda is said to have slain Sarki is protected by a wooden shelter and has become a tourist attraction.
The emirate is referred to as one of the “seven true Hausa states” (Hausa Bakwai) because it was, (along with Biram, Kano, Katsina, Zazzau, Gobir, and Rano), ruled by the descendants of Bayajidda’s sons with Daurama and Magira (his first wife). The University of California’s African American Studies Department refers to Daura, as well as Katsina, as having been “ancient seats of Islamic culture and learning.”
In 1805, during the Fulani War, Daura was taken over by Fulani warrior Malam Ishaku, who set up an emirate. The Hausa set up rival states nearby, and the ruler of one, Malam Musa, was made the new emir of Daura by the British in 1904. Once part of Kaduna State, Daura became part of the new Katsina State in 1987. Faruk Umar Faruk became the 60th Emir of Daura on 28 Feb 2007 following the death of Sarkin Muhammadu Bashar dan Umaru.
The Daura Emirate is referred to as one of the “seven true Hausa states” (Hausa Bakwai) In 1805, during the Fulani War, Daura was taken over by Fulani warrior Malam Ishaku, who set up an emirate. The Hausa set up rival states nearby, and the ruler of one, Malam Musa, was made the new emir of Daura by the British in 1904. , the Emir of Daura still rules as a ceremonial hereditary monarch, and maintains a palace. Umar Faruk Umar became the 60th Emir of Daura on 28 February 2007 following the death of Sarki Muhammadu Bashar Dan Umaru.
Once part of Kaduna State, Daura became part of the new Katsina State in 1987. In 2003, Lawal Garba, a member of the All Nigeria Peoples Party, was elected as Daura’s representative to the House of Representatives of Nigeria. The federal constituency comprises Daura, Mai’adua and Sandamu. His term expired in 2007. In April 2007 Yusuf Bello of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), from Mai’adua, became the representative in the National Assembly. In the 2011 elections, Bello was defeated and left the National Assembly. He was replaced by Dr. Umar Katsayal of the Congress for Progressive Change (CPC). Intra-party squabbles, characterized by litigations, cut short the tenure of Dr. Katsayal. In 2012, Salisu Ado, also a member of the CPC was recognized by the courts. He represents the people of Daura, Mai’adua and Sandamu at the lower chamber of the National Assembly from 2012 to 2015. During the 2015 general election, sani saidu fago took over from salisu ado daura. Other notable people from Daura include the President and Commander-in-Chief of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, President Muhammadu Buhari.
Daura’s population was estimated as 25,151 as of 1972. According to the MARA/ARMA organization, malaria affects Daura for four to six months of the year, and is “endemic and seasonal.” In 2005, after an outbreak of measles in Katsina State, Daura became one of five training centers for workers who were to carry out immunization.
On vehicle license plates, Daura is abbreviated as DRA.